Deep Marine Foundations - A Perspective on the Design and Construction of Deep Marine Foundations, (DFI)
Berth Deepening A Three Decade Old Wharf Structure for the Next Generation of Container Ships
Bill Paparis & Michael Quadagno, Han-Padron Associates, LLP, Guy Buzzoni & James McQueen, APM Terminals N. America, Inc. and John Lizzo, Port Authority of NY & NJ
The thirty year old wharf structures at the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey’s Port Elizabeth Marine Terminal are being modernized for the next generation of Post-Panamax container ships, which require deeper water and larger container cranes. The terminal operator is upgrading the wharf in order to remain competitive, now and into the future. The upgrade coincides with the Army Corps of Engineers’ $733 million project to deepen the main shipping channel in New York Harbor. This paper focuses on the structural modifications to accommodate berth deepening and to support the heavier loads of the new cranes. An overview is provided of the design and actual construction, including typical problems encountered when combining new and existing structures. The wharf improvements included: • Installation of a steel king pile/sheet pile cutoff wall along the face of the wharf to permit increasing the depth from –12.2 m + 0.61 m to –15.2 m + 0.61 m ( –40 ft + 2 ft to –50 ft + 2 ft) • Removal of the existing crane rail support beams and installation of new piles and beams to support the increased crane loads • Replacement of the existing timber fender system with a new system capable of resisting the berthing energy of a 152,000 MT displacement vessel, and having dedicated sections for berthing barges • Replacing the existing overhead, landside crane electric feeder system with a waterside, cable reel trench system. The work included upgrading the transformer capacity at the terminal for increased crane power demands This paper provides a case history for port administrators, terminal operators, engineers, and shipping lines challenged with upgrading aging terminals.
|article #1668; publication #88 (MRNE-2009)|