Publication Abstract




Proceedings of the 45th Annual Conference on Deep Foundations, 2020 - ONLINE , (DFI)

Effect of Curing Stresses on the Mechanical Properties of Soil-Cement Mixed Materials
George Onorato, PE, Giovanni Bonita, PhD, PE, P.Eng., P.G.

Deep soil mixing (DSM) has now become a ubiquitous ground improvement technique across the globe for producing soil-cementous materials for many types of complex civil and environmental applications. In the field, the cementation bonds of the soil-cement materials are formed under a confining stress conditions; however, these conditions are generally not considered as most wet grab specimens are cured and tested under ambient atmospheric conditions. This has led to an underestimation of the engineering and mechanical properties of the soil-cement mixed material. This paper presents the preliminary findings of the effect of confining stresses on the mechanical properties of soil-cement mixed samples. This paper discusses the specialized field techniques used for modeling confining stresses during curing and presents the preliminary findings from different soil types. The findings indicate a strength increase within samples cured under a confining stress relative to nonconsolidated samples. The magnitude of the strength increase also appears to be different for different soil types. Finer-grained soils appear to exhibit a larger relative strength increase with confining stress relative to predominately granular soils.


 article #3706; publication #1073 (AM-2020)