Proceedings of the 25th Annual Members' Conference and Eighth International Conference and Exposition, 2000, New York NY, (DFI)
Special Foundation Technique for the Intersection of Two Canals near Magdeburg, Germany
Wolfgang G. Brunner
The closing of the gap in the European waterway- net is one of the big challenging traffic projects following the German reunification. The water canals in the North German plain connect the Rhine river, the border between Germany and France, with the Oder, the German border river to Poland. As early as in the 30's of the 19th century the planning and construction of a ship-lift and a canal bridge started, in order to close this last big gap in the system between the Mittelland Canal and the Elbe-Havel Canal near Magdeburg. This main waterway connects the West of Germany, known for its coal mines and steel mills with the capital Berlin, and from there it goes on into Poland. The building activities started in 1934 but came to a complete stop in 1942 because of the war. The communist government in East Germany was not interested in continuing this huge project, including the ship lock Rothensee, the canal bridge crossing the river Elbe, the former border river between West and East Germany, and the lock Hohenwarthe due to lack to political backing along with low construction capacity. Now this important project is in progress and this report describes the special foundaiton techniques used on the great ship lock Hohenwarthe. Hohenwarthe is a couble-bay ship lok of considerable scale, which is notable for recirculating water rather than letting it flow. It includes 44,800 m2 (481,720 sq ft) of up to 55 m (180 ft) deep cut-off walls, ground water control, 1248 bored piles with a depth of 22 m (72 ft) serving as foundation and 28,000 m (91, 864 ft) of soil densification with vibroflotation equipment for ground improvement. In the year 2003 the project shall be completed and all ships can travel from the West to the East through Germany without expensive and time-consuming detours through other canals and locks.
|article #919; publication #54 (AM-2000)|