• DFI Europe
  • DFI India
  • DFI Trust

Slurry Wall

Advancing the awareness, use and performance of slurry and diaphragm wall technologies for design and construction of seepage cutoff, vertical barrier systems, and temporary and permanent earth support works.


Meeok Kim, Ph.D., P.E.
Thornton Tomasetti
[email protected]

Meeok Kim has 19 years of experience with geostructural engineering practice. She received a Ph.D. in civil engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute. She serves as a geostructural engineer with Thornton Tomasetti, specializing in the analysis and design of complex below-grade systems such as deep excavations, unique foundations and tunnel access shafts in various regions of U.S. The common denominator of her experience is a system governed by soils and the structures interactions. Kim is an expert on the performance of deep foundation systems, has been involved in various types of slurry wall projects, and has designed dozens of slurry wall and LBE foundations. 


Amr Ragy
Bauer Foundation Corp.
[email protected]

Amr Ragy is a vice president with Bauer Foundation Corp. based in Odessa, Florida. A geotechnical engineer by training, he has 30 years of experience in the deep foundations industry. Ragy has been involved in projects of all sizes across the U.S. and other parts of the world with various deep foundations applications including structural slurry walls, seepage cutoff walls and soil improvement.

Tremie concrete placement simulation using 2 tremie pipes.
Colors represent different concretes batches with very different rheological properties.
The tremie pipes were not raised for this simulation.

Slurry Wall Events

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Guidelines for Selecting Cutoff Wall Systems

Outlines fundamental background information on the selection of cutoff walls/seepage barriers.

Cutoff Walls PowerPoint

Committee-generated base PowerPoint module introduction to cutoff walls for seepage control, including applications and construction.

Coming soon.

Structural Walls Manual Update

Task force updating Industry Practice Standards and DFI Practice Guidelines for Structural Slurry Walls (2005) to include recent advancements.

In progress.

Structural Slurry (Diaphragm) Walls PowerPoint

Committee generated base PowerPoint module introduction to structural slurry walls, including applications and construction.

Outlines basic design and construction for structural slurry walls, including an overview of types of slurry walls, design and construction considerations, detailing, quality assurance and control, and advantages and limitations.

Committee Research

Diaphragm Walls as Permanent Basement Walls in Regions of High Seismicity – outlines the requirements for extension of this practice to more common use in regions of high seismicity.


Industry Practice Standards and DFI Practice Guidelines for Structural Slurry Walls (2005) – Highlights the major considerations in selecting structural slurry walls for temporary and permanent use in foundation construction.

Guide to Tremie Concrete for Deep Foundations (2nd Edition) – EFFC-DFI task force developed guidance for characterization related to performance, mix design process, and methods used to test fresh concrete.

Associated research report to Guide to Tremie Concrete for Deep Foundations

Guide to Support Fluids for Deep Foundations (1st Edition) – EFFC-DFI task force outlined the state of the art of support fluid practice to improve existing design, testing and practices for deep foundation elements – bored piles (drilled shafts), barrettes (LBEs) and diaphragm wall panels.

Guide to Working Platforms – EFFC-DFI guidance and resources for design and construction of safe working platforms.