Publication Abstract

Grouting and Ground Treatment: Proceedings of the Third International Conference, (ASCE)

The Development of Practice in Permeation and Compensation Grouting: Part 1 Permeation Grouting A Historical Review (1802-2002
Stuart Littlejohn

This two part paper addresses permeation grouting for the improvement of rocks and soils, in terms of strengthening or reduction of permeability and compensation grouting for the displacement of structure during subsurface exploration. The historical evolution of these two grouting processes is described leading up to present-day practice. Applications, grouting materials, methods of injection, plant and equipment, limitations, monitoring, and verification are included together with significant histories for each type of grouting. Part 1 deals with permeation grouting.

 article #1068; publication #62 (GRT-2003)