Publication Abstract




Grouting and Ground Treatment: Proceedings of the Third International Conference, (ASCE)

Ground Stabilization in the United States by the Scandinavian Lime Cement Dry Mix Process
M. I. Esrig, P. E. MacKenna, E. P. Forte

Ground stabilization by the Scandinavian dry injection process was introduced into the United States in 1996. This environmentally friendly process that produces no spoil at the ground surface has since been used on several minor projects that are briefly described in this paper. These projects include stabilization for a 15 m high roadway embankment on weak Lake Bonneville deposits in Salt Lake City. Utah, stabilization of silty sand for purposes of liquefaction mitigation and stabilization of weak , organic Young Bay Mud in San Francisco California as part of the extension of the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system to the San Francisco airport, and stabilization of a railroad embankment over organic soils in the Hackensack Meadows of New Jersey. The performance of these projects is summarized herein. Important advances in the dry injection process resulted from these experiences and are described in this paper.


 article #1096; publication #62 (GRT-2003)